Play icivics game about local government "Counties Work": www.icivics.org/games/counties-work
1. What formal qualifications do most States set out for membership in the legislature?
2. What is the usual term for State legislators?
3. What are eight of the most important legislative powers of State legislature?
4. Name three nonlegislative functions of State legislature?
5. How does the committee system in State legislatures work?
6. From where do a large number of bills originate
vocabulary: constituent power, police power, referendum
Formal qualifications for most states’ legislature
Age, citizenship, residence
Usual term for State legislators
2 or 4 years
Learn about Ohio click on the link http://www.legislature.state.oh.us/
Ohio House = 4 terms (total 8 years) each term is 2 years
Ohio Senate = 2 terms (total 8 years) each term is 4 years
Ohio has term limits
The 8 most important legislative powers
5. establish courts
6. define crimes and provide punishment
7. regulate commercial activities
8. maintain public schools
Non- legislative functions of state legislatures
1. Approve Governor’s appointments
3. Constitution-making and amending
Committee System in State legislatures
How does it work?
Laws are referred to committees for recommendation to full houses, similar to Congress
Where do bills originate from?
All kinds of public and private sources
i.e. – MADD, SADD, etc.
1. Constituent Power
- constitution-making power
2. Police Power
- State’s power to protect and promote public health, safety, morals, and welfare
- Process by which a legislature sends bills to the electorate for approval
Explanation of Ohio's first Constitution (Click the link):www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Ohio_Constitution_of_1803
5 Main Categories by which all State constitutions can be described
1. popular sovereignty & limited government
2. protections of civil rights
3. structure of state government
4. powers of the branches of State government
5. process of constitutional change
Amending the State constitutions
Amendments can be proposed by:
1. constitutional convention
Amendments can be ratified by:
A vote of the people
Statutory and Fundamental Law
- laws passed by the legislature
- laws of basic and lasting importance that should be in a constitution
- The people are the sole source of the government’s power
- Powers that the government has are limited
- process by which voters sign a petition favoring a proposal
Ohio's Constitution (click on link to see) http://www.cpofohio.org/PDF/OhioStateConstitution.pdf
Ohio Constitution video: www.youtube.com/watch?v=INdacL_mKkU&spfreload=5
Explanation of Ohio's first Constitution (Click the link): www.ohiohistorycentral.org/w/Ohio_Constitution_of_1803
Click the link to review: www.purposegames.com/game/the-27-amendments
Click the link to review: www.usgovernmentquiz.com/constitutional-amendments-quiz/
Click the link to review: www.washingtontimes.com/quiz/2018/aug/30/name-constitutional-amendment/
Click the link to review: www.sporcle.com/games/3sticks/the_amendments