(1) The expressed powers are granted to Congress explicitly in the Constitution.
(2) The implied powers are granted by reasonable deduction from the expressed powers.
(3) The inherent powers are granted through the Constitution’s creation of a National Government for the United States.
Strict Versus Liberal Construction
•Strict constructionists, led by Thomas Jefferson, argued that Congress should only be able to exercise (1) its expressed powers and (2) those implied powers absolutely necessary to carry out those expressed powers.
•Liberal constructionists, led by Alexander Hamilton, favored a liberal interpretation of the Constitution, a broad interpretation of the powers given to Congress.
The powers of Congress are affected by all of the following EXCEPT what the
a. Constitution expressly says Congress may do.
b. Constitution says only the States may do.
c. States’ constitutions say Congress may do.
d. Constitution is silent about.
The level of the nation's debt
a. is limited by the Constitution.
b. is always limited by Congress.
c. is not limited by any government agency.
d. may not exceed $10 billion.
Answers: C / C