• What are the roles of the territorial courts and of the District of
• What functions do the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed
Forces and the U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
• What types of cases are brought to the U.S. Tax Court?
The Court of Federal Claims and the Territorial Courts
The Court of Federal Claims
• The U.S. Court of Federal Claims handles all pleas against
acts of the United States government.
• Those who have claims against the United States can possibly
secure redress—satisfaction of a claim, usually through
payment—through this court.
The Territorial Courts
• Under its power to govern the territories of the United States,
Congress created courts for the nation’s territories.
• These courts are in places such as Guam and the Virgin
Islands, and function much like the local courts in the 50
The District of Columbia Courts and the U.S. Tax Court
The District of Columbia Courts
• As directed in the Constitution, Congress established a syste
of courts for the “Seat of Government of the United States.”
• The District of Columbia handles all local judicial matters for
the district, including trials and appeals.
The United States Tax Court
• The U.S. Tax Court was created by Congress in 1969.
• The Tax Court hears civil but not criminal cases involving
disputes over the application of the tax laws.
• Its decisions may be appealed to the federal courts of appeals.
Military Appeals Courts
The Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
• This court is a civilian tribunal, a court operating as part of the
judicial branch, entirely separate from the military
• The court reviews the more serious convictions of members of
the armed forces at a court-martial, or trial involving military
The Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
• The Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims hears cases in
which individuals claim that the Department of Veterans Affairs
has denied or otherwise mishandled valid claims for veterans’
The list of cases to be heard by a court is called a
a. civil case list. c. writ of certiorari.
b. certificate. d. docket.
Which of the following could be the subject of a criminal case tried in federal court?
a. bankruptcy c. counterfeiting
b. civil rights d. labor relations
Legal cases in the District of Columbia and the territories that belong to the United States are settled in:
a. the courts of the State nearest the district or territory.
b. a separate system of courts for each territory and each district like those at the State and federal levels.
c. a system of local courts like those in a city or town.
d. a system based on mediation and arbitration rather than legal confrontation.
Answers: D / C / B